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艾司唑仑片estazolam

[ 人气:117 | 日期: 2020-08-04 | 返回 | 打印 ]
艾司唑仑片estazolam
药品名称:艾司唑仑片estazolam
药品别名:
英 文 名:estazolam
药品价格:$ 美国市场售价 30.9 美元
研发公司:
适 用 症:主要用于抗焦虑、失眠。也用于紧张、恐惧及抗癫痫和抗惊厥。
型号规格:每片含有效成份1mg/2mg,每瓶100片装。
药品详情:

【艾司唑仑片estazolam 简述】
 
    艾司唑仑片estazolam是一种抗焦虑、镇定类药品。

艾司唑仑片estazolam_香港济民药业

艾司唑仑片estazolam_香港济民药业
 
【艾司唑仑片estazolam 适应症】
 
    本品主要用于抗焦虑、失眠。也用于紧张、恐惧及抗癫痫和抗惊厥。
 
【艾司唑仑片estazolam 规格】
 
    本品为片剂,每片含有效成份1mg/2mg,每瓶100片装。
 
【艾司唑仑片estazolam 服用方法】
 
    镇静,一次1~2mg(1~2片),一日3次。
 
    催眠,1~2mg(1~2片),睡前服。
 
    抗癫痫、抗惊厥,一次2~4mg(2~4片),一日3次。
 
【艾司唑仑片estazolam 注意事项】
 
    1.用药期间不宜饮酒。
 
  2.对其它苯二氮?药物过敏者,可能对本药过敏。
 
  3.肝肾功能损害者能延长本药消除半衰期。
 
  4.癫痫患者突然停药可导致发作。
 
  5.严重的精神抑郁可使病情加重,甚至产生自杀倾向,应采取预防措施。 
 
  6.避免长期大量使用而成瘾,如长期使用应逐渐减量,不易骤停。
 
  7.出现呼吸抑制或低血压常提示超量。
 
  8.对本类药耐受量小的患者初用量易小,逐渐增加剂量。
 
  9.严禁用于食品、饲料加工、养殖。
 
【艾司唑仑片estazolam 不良反应】
 
    常见的不良反应:
 
  1.首次服用本品初期可能出现过敏性休克(严重过敏反应)和血管性水肿(严重面部浮肿)。服用本品可能引起睡眠综合征行为,包括驾车梦游、梦游做饭和吃东西等潜在危险行为。
 
  2.口干、嗜睡、头昏、乏力等,大剂量可有共济失调、震颤。
 
  3.罕见的有皮疹、白细胞减少。
 
  4.个别病人发生兴奋,多语,睡眠障碍,甚至幻觉。停药后,上述症状很快消失。
 
  5.有依赖性,但较轻,长期应用后,停药可能发生撤药症状,表现为激动或忧郁。

 
Estazolam

 
    Estazolam is a benzodiazepine medication. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Estazolam is an intermediate-acting oral benzodiazepine. It is used for short-term treatment of insomnia.
 
    It was patented in 1968 and came into medical use in 1975.[1]
 
Medical uses
 
    Estazolam is prescribed for the short-term treatment of certain sleep disorders. It is an effective hypnotic drug showing efficacy in increasing the time spent asleep as well as reducing awakenings during the night. Combination with non-pharmacological options for sleep management results in long-term improvements in sleep quality after discontinuation of short-term estazolam therapy.[2][3] Estazolam is also sometimes used as a preoperative sleep aid. It was found to be superior to triazolam in side effect profile in preoperative patients in a trial.[4] Estazolam also has anxiolytic properties and due to its long half life can be an effective short-term treatment for insomnia associated with anxiety.[5]
 
Contraindications
 
    Benzodiazepines require special precaution if used in the elderly, during pregnancy, in children, alcohol or drug-dependent individuals and individuals with comorbid psychiatric disorders.[11]
 
Adverse effects
 
    The main safety concern of benzodiazepines such as estazolam is a benzodiazepine dependence and the subsequent benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome which can occur upon discontinuation of the estazolam. A review of the literature found that long-term use of benzodiazepines such as estazolam is associated with drug tolerance, drug dependence, rebound insomnia and CNS related adverse effects. Estazolam should only be used short term and at the lowest effective dose to avoid complications related to long-term use. Non-pharmacological treatment options however, were found to have sustained improvements in sleep quality.[8][9] The short-term benefits of benzodiazepines on sleep begin to reduce after a few days due to tolerance to the hypnotic effects of benzodiazepines in the elderly.[10]
 
 



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